Effectiveness or Implementation: Why not both? A Hybrid Designs Webinar 
Featuring Associate Professor Luke Wolfenden, this webinar offers theoretical guidance on hybrid designs for implementation science. Presented as part of a Cancer Implementation Science Community webinar.

Webinar: SIG Implementation and Scalability (in partnership with ISPAH and NCOIS)
‘Designing and Undertaking Implementation Trials’ session was presented in December, 2020, featuring our director, Associate Professor Luke Wolfenden and moderated by A/Prof Taren Swindle, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences and Dr Nicole Nathan, University of Newcastle, NCOIS and Hunter New England Population Health.

NCOIS Overview & Reports


NCOIS Annual Reports

National Centre of Implementation Science Annual Report 2020
National Centre of Implementation Science Annual Report 2019

NCOIS TEAM Publications


Stream 1 (childcare)

Yoong SL, Lum M, Jackson J, Wolfenden L, Barnes C, Jones J, Pearson N, McCrabb S, Hall AE, Leonard A, McDonnell T, Grady A. Healthy eating interventions delivered in early childhood education and care settings for improving the diet of children aged six year and below. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 202\1, Issue 1. Art. No.: CD013862, DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD013862. Access Publication here.

Jackson JK, Jones J, Nguyen H, Davies I, Lum M, Grady A, Yoong SL. Obesity Prevention within the Early Childhood Education and Care Setting: A Systematic Review of Dietary Behaviour and Physical Activity Policies and Guidelines in High Income Countries. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021, 18 (2), 838. Access Publication here.

Barnes C, Yoong SL, Wolfenden L, Nathan N, Wedesweiler T, Kerr J, Pearson N, Grady A. The Association between Australian Childcare Centre Healthy Eating Practices and Children’s Healthy Eating Behaviours: A Cross-Sectional Study within Lunchbox Centres. Nutrients. 2021 Apr;13(4):1139. Access Publication here.   Also available on request: Evidence gaps ECEC and National CATI.

Stream 1 (schools)

Available resources: Project summary update and Infographic.

Stream 3

Barnes C, McCrabb S, Stacey F, Nathan N, Yoong SL, Grady A, Sutherland R, Hodder R, Innes-Hughes C, Davies M, Wolfenden L. Improving implementation of school-based healthy eating and physical activity policies, practices, and programs: a systematic review. Translational Behavioral Medicine. 2021 Jun 3. Access Publication here.

Stream 4

Shoesmith, A., Hall, A., Wolfenden L. et al. Barriers and facilitators influencing the sustainment of health behaviour interventions in schools and childcare services: A systematic review. Implementation science (2021) 16:62 Access Publication here.

Lane C, McCrabb S, Nathan N, Naylor PJ, Bauman A, Milat A, Lum M, Sutherland R, Byaruhanga J, Wolfenden L. How effective are physical activity interventions when they are scaled-up: a systematic review. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. 2021 Dec;18(1):1-1. Access Publication here.

Nathan N, Hall A, McCarthy N, Sutherland R, Wiggers J, Bauman AE, et al., ‘Multi-strategy intervention increases school implementation and maintenance of a mandatory physical activity policy: outcomes of a cluster randomised controlled trial.’, Br J Sports Med, (2021). DOI: 10.1136/bjsports-2020-103764. Access Publication here.

Murawski B, Reilly KL, Hope K, Hall AE, Sutherland RL, Trost SG, Yoong SL, McCarthy N, Lecathelinais C, Wolfenden L, Nathan NK. Exploring the effect of a school‐based cluster‐randomised controlled trial to increase the scheduling of physical activity for primary school students on teachers’ physical activity. Health Promotion Journal of Australia. 2021 May 4. Access Publication here.  Please note: abstract only available online. Also available: Research Program Update June 2021 and related blog post.

Stream 4

Sutherland R, Brown A, Nathan N, Yoong S, Janssen L, Chooi A, Hudson N, Wiggers J, Kerr N, Evans N, Gillham K. A Multicomponent mHealth-Based Intervention (SWAP IT) to Decrease the Consumption of Discretionary Foods Packed in School Lunchboxes: Type I Effectiveness–Implementation Hybrid Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of Medical Internet Research. 2021 Jun 24;23(6):e25256. Access Publication here. Media article here. Also available: project summary. And SWAPIT policy brief on request.


Stream 1 (schools)

Hodder RK, O’Brien KM, Tzelepis F, Wyse RJ, Wolfenden L. Interventions for increasing fruit and vegetable consumption in children aged five years and under. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2020, Issue5. Art. No.: CD008552. Access Publication here. Also available: Plain language summary.

Stream 1 (childcare)

Jackson J, Wolfenden L, Grady A, Lum M, Leonard A, McCrabb S, Hall A, Pearson N, Barnes C, Yoong SL. Early childhood education and care-based healthy eating interventions for improving child diet: a systematic review protocol. Systematic reviews. 2020 Dec;9(1):1-9. Access Publication here.

Stream 3

Wolfenden L, Barnes C, Jones J, Finch M, Wyse RJ, Kingsland M, Tzelepis F, Grady A, Hodder RK, Booth D,Yoong SL. Strategies to improve the implementation of healthy eating, physical activity and obesity prevention policies, practices or programmes within childcare services. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2020 Feb 10;(2):CD011779. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD011779.pub3. Access Publication here. Also available: Plain language summary.


Stream 4

Nathan NK, Sutherland RL, Hope K, McCarthy NJ, Pettett M, Elton B, Jackson R, Trost SG, Lecathelinais C, Reilly K, Wiggers JH, Hall A, Gillham K, Herrmann V, Wolfenden L. Implementation of a School Physical Activity Policy Improves Student Physical Activity Levels: Outcomes of a Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial. J Phys Act Health. 2020 Sep 12;17(10):1009-1018. doi: 10.1123/jpah.2019-0595. PMID: 32919383. Access Publication here.

Brown A, Barnes C, Byaruhanga J, McLaughlin M, Hodder RK, Booth D, Nathan N, Sutherland R, Wolfenden L. Effectiveness of Technology-Enabled Knowledge Translation Strategies in Improving the Use of Research in Public Health: Systematic Review. Journal of medical Internet research. 2020;22(7):e17274. Access Publication here.

Sutherland R, Nathan N, Brown A, Yoong SL, Reynolds R, Walton A, Janssen L, Desmet C, Lecathelinais C,Gillham K, Herrmann V, Wolfenden L. A cross-sectional study to determine the energy density and nutritional quality of primary school lunchboxes. Public Health Nutrition. 2020 Apr;23(6):1108-16. doi:10.1017/S1368980019003379. Access Publication here


methods & guidance

2021 pAPERS

Pearson N, Naylor PJ, Ashe MC, Fernandez M, Yoong SL, Wolfenden L. Guidance for conducting feasibility and pilot studies for implementation trials. Pilot and feasibility studies. 2020 Dec;6(1):1-2.  Access Publication here.

Wolfenden Luke, Foy Robbie, Presseau Justin, Grimshaw Jeremy M, Ivers Noah M, Powell Byron J et al. Designing and undertaking randomised implementation trials: guide for researchers BMJ 2021; 372: m3721. Access Publication here.

Yoong, S.L.; Jones, J.;  Pearson, N.; Swindle, T.; Barnes, C.; Delaney, T.; Lum, M.; Golley, R.; Matwiejczyk, L.; Kelly, B.; et al. An Overview of Research Opportunities to Increase the Impact of Nutrition Intervention Research in Early Childhood and Education Care Settings according to the RE-AIM Framework. Int. J. Environ. Res.  Public Health 2021. Access Publication here.


Lee K, van Nassau F, Grunseit A, Conte K, Milat A, Wolfenden L, Bauman A. Scaling up population health interventions from decision to sustainability–a window of opportunity? A qualitative view from policy makers. Health research policy and systems. 2020 Dec;18(1):1-2. Access Publication  here.

Wolfenden L, Williams CM, Kingsland M, Yoong SL, Nathan N, Sutherland R, Wiggers J. Improving the impact of public health service delivery and research: a decision tree to aid evidence-based public health practice and research. Australian and New Zealand journal of public health. 2020 Oct 1;44(5):331-2. Access Publication  here.

Lee K, Milat A, Grunseit A, Conte K, Wolfenden L, Bauman A. The Intervention Scalability Assessment Tool: a pilot study assessing five interventions for scalability. Public Health Research & Practice. 2020 Jun 30;30(2). Access Publication here.

Shelton RC, Lee M, Brotzman LE, Wolfenden L, Nathan N, Wainberg ML. What is dissemination and implementation science?: An introduction and opportunities to advance behavioral medicine and public health globally. International Journal of Behavioural Medicine. 2020 Feb 14;27:3-20. doi: 10.1007/s12529-020-09848. Access Publication here. Please note: abstract only available online.

Gogovor A, Zomahoun HTV, Ben Charif A, McLean RKD, Moher D, Milat A, Wolfenden L, Prevost K, Aubin E,Rochon P, Ekanmian G, Sawadogo J, Rheault N, Legare F. Essential items for reporting of scaling studies of health interventions (SUCCEED): protocol for a systematic review and Delphi process. Systematic. Reviews.  11;9(1):11. doi: 10.1186/s13643-019-1258. Access Publication here.

Milat AJ, Lee K, Conte K, Grunseit A, Wolfenden L, van Nassau F, Orr N, Sreeram P, Bauman A. Intervention Scalability Assessment Tool: a decision support tool for health policy makers and implementers. Health Research Policy and Systems. 2020 Jan 3;18:1. doi: 10.1186/s12961-019-0494-2. Access Publication here.


July – 2021