ncois publications

Stream 1 (Early childhood education and care)

Lum, M.; Wolfenden, L.; Jones, J.; Grady, A.; Christian, H.; Reilly, K.; Yoong, S.L. Interventions to Improve Child Physical Activity in the Early Childhood Education and Care Setting: An Umbrella Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 1963. https:// Access Publication here. Read summary here.


Grady A, Jackson JK, Lum M, Delaney T, Jones J, Kerr J, Falkiner M, Yoong S. Barriers and facilitators to the implementation of healthy eating, physical activity and obesity prevention policies, practices or programs in family daycare: A mixed method systematic review. Prev Med. 2022 Mar 3:107011. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2022.107011. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 35248680. Access  Publication here. Read Summary here.


Yoong SL, Lum M, Jackson J, Wolfenden L, Barnes C, Jones J, Pearson N, McCrabb S, Hall AE, Leonard A, McDonnell T, Grady A. Healthy eating interventions delivered in early childhood education and care settings for improving the diet of children aged six year and below (Protocol). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 202\1, Issue 1. Art. No.: CD013862, DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD013862. Access Publication here. Read summary here.


Jackson JK, Jones J, Nguyen H, Davies I, Lum M, Grady A, Yoong SL. Obesity Prevention within the Early Childhood Education and Care Setting: A Systematic Review of Dietary Behaviour and Physical Activity Policies and Guidelines in High Income Countries. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021, 18 (2), 838. Access Publication here. Read summary here.


Barnes C, Yoong SL, Wolfenden L, Nathan N, Wedesweiler T, Kerr J, Pearson N, Grady A. The Association between Australian Childcare Centre Healthy Eating Practices and Children’s Healthy Eating Behaviours: A Cross-Sectional Study within Lunchbox Centres. Nutrients. 2021 Apr;13(4):1139. Access Publication here.  Read summary hereAlso available on request: Evidence gaps ECEC and National CATI.



Hodder RK, O’Brien KM, Tzelepis F, Wyse RJ, Wolfenden L. Interventions for increasing fruit and vegetable consumption in children aged five years and under. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2020, Issue5. Art. No.: CD008552. Access Publication here.  Read summary hereAlso available: Plain language summary.



Jackson J, Wolfenden L, Grady A, Lum M, Leonard A, McCrabb S, Hall A, Pearson N, Barnes C, Yoong SL. Early childhood education and care-based healthy eating interventions for improving child diet: a systematic review protocol. Systematic reviews. 2020 Dec;9(1):1-9. Access Publication here.  


Stream 1 (schools)

Hodder R, O’Brien K, Lorien S, Wolfenden L, Moore T,  Hall A, Yoong S, Summerbell C. Interventions to prevent obesity in school-aged children 6-18 years: An update of a Cochrane systematic review and meta-analysis including studies from 2015–2021. eClinical Medicine. 2022 Dec; 54: 101635. Access publication here.



Hodder R, McCrabb S, O’Brien K, Barnes C, Nathan N, Hall A, Shoesmith A, Turon H, Yoong S, Wolfenden L. (2021) Synthesis to inform the Healthy Eating and Active Living (HEAL) Primary Schools program. University of Newcastle: Newcastle, Australia.  Access to Publication and Summary coming soon.



Wolfenden L, McCrabb S & Wiggers J. (2021) Identifying a model to support implementation of health and wellbeing policies and programs in NSW schools. Prepared for the Centre of Population health, NSW Ministry of Health.



O’Brien KM, Barnes C, Yoong S, Campbell E, Wyse R, Delaney T, Brown A, Stacey F, Davies L, Lorien S, Hodder RK. School-Based Nutrition Interventions in Children Aged 6 to 18 Years: An Umbrella Review of Systematic Reviews. Nutrients. 2021 Nov;13(11):4113. Access publication here. Read summary here.


Stream 3 ‘Testing Implementation Strategies’

Wolfenden L, McCrabb S, Barnes C, O’Brien KM, Ng KW, Nathan NK, Sutherland R, Hodder RK, Tzelepis F, Nolan E, Williams CM, Yoong SL. Strategies for enhancing the implementation of school‐based policies or practices targeting diet, physical activity, obesity, tobacco or alcohol use. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2022, Issue 8. Art. No.: CD011677. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD011677.pub3. Access publication here.   Read summary here.  See our infographic here.


Barnes C, McCrabb S, Stacey F, Nathan N, Yoong SL, Grady A, Sutherland R, Hodder R, Innes-Hughes C, Davies M, Wolfenden L. Improving implementation of school-based healthy eating and physical activity policies, practices, and programs: a systematic review. Translational Behavioral Medicine. 2021 Jun 3. Access publication here. Read summary here


Wolfenden L, Barnes C, Jones J, Finch M, Wyse RJ, Kingsland M, Tzelepis F, Grady A, Hodder RK, Booth D,Yoong SL. Strategies to improve the implementation of healthy eating, physical activity and obesity prevention policies, practices or programmes within childcare services. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2020 Feb 10;(2):CD011779. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD011779.pub3. Access publication here.   Read summary hereAlso available: Plain language summary.



Lane C, Nathan N, Reeves P, Sutherland R, Wolfenden L, Shoesmith A, Hall A. Economic evaluation of a multi-strategy intervention that improves school-based physical activity policy implementation. Implementation Science. 2022 Apr;17(1):1-6. Access publication here. Also listed here.


Lane C, Naylor PJ, Shoesmith A, Wolfenden L, Hall A, Sutherland R and Nathan N. Identifying essential implementation strategies: a mixed methods process evaluation of a multi-strategy policy implementation intervention for schools. International Journal of Behavioural Nutrition and Physical Activity. 2022 Apr. 20 (37).  Access publication here. Also listed here


Brown A, Sutherland R, Reeves P, Nathan N, Wolfenden L. Cost and Cost Effectiveness of a Pilot m-Health Intervention Targeting Parents of School-Aged Children to Improve the Nutritional Quality of Foods Packed in the Lunchbox. Nutrients 2021, 13, 4136. Access publication here.


Barnes C, Sutherland R, Jones J, Brown A, Stacey F, Wolfenden L. Maximising the adoption of a school-based mHealth intervention to improve the nutritional quality of student lunchboxes to ensure population-level impact. Health Promotion Journal of Australia (accepted February 2022). Access reference here.


Hall A, Wolfenden L, Shoesmith A, McCarthy N, Wiggers J, Bauman AE, et al., ‘The impact of an implementation intervention that increased school’s delivery of a mandatory physical activity policy on student outcomes: A cluster-randomised controlled trial’, Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, (2022). DOI: 10.1016/j.jsams.2021.12.005. Access Abstract here.


Lane C, McCrabb S, Nathan N, Naylor PJ, Bauman A, Milat A, Lum M, Sutherland R, Byaruhanga J, Wolfenden L. How effective are physical activity interventions when they are scaled-up: a systematic review. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. 2021 Dec;18(1):1-1. Access Publication here.  Read summary here.


Nathan N, Hall A, McCarthy N, Sutherland R, Wiggers J, Bauman AE, et al., ‘Multi-strategy intervention increases school implementation and maintenance of a mandatory physical activity policy: outcomes of a cluster randomised controlled trial.’, Br J Sports Med, (2021). DOI: 10.1136/bjsports-2020-103764. Access Publication here.  Read summary here.


Murawski B, Reilly KL, Hope K, Hall AE, Sutherland RL, Trost SG, Yoong SL, McCarthy N, Lecathelinais C, Wolfenden L, Nathan NK. Exploring the effect of a school‐based cluster‐randomised controlled trial to increase the scheduling of physical activity for primary school students on teachers’ physical activity. Health Promotion Journal of Australia. 2021 May 4. Access Publication here.   Read summary here. Note: abstract only available online. Also available: Research Program Update June 2021 and related blog post.


Sutherland R, Brown A, Nathan N, Yoong S, Janssen L, Chooi A, Hudson N, Wiggers J, Kerr N, Evans N, Gillham K. A Multicomponent mHealth-Based Intervention (SWAP IT) to Decrease the Consumption of Discretionary Foods Packed in School Lunchboxes: Type I Effectiveness–Implementation Hybrid Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of Medical Internet Research. 2021 Jun 24;23(6):e25256. Access Publication here.   Read summary hereMedia article here. Also available: project summary. And SWAPIT policy brief on request.


Yoong SL, Hall A, Stacey F, Nathan N, Reilly K, Delaney T, Sutherland R, Hodder R, Straus S, Wolfenden L. An exploratory analysis to identify behavior change techniques of implementation interventions associated with the implementation of healthy canteen policies. Transl Behav Med. 2021 Aug 13;11(8):1606-1616. doi: 10.1093/tbm/ibab036. PMID: 33950223. Access Abstract here.


Nathan NK, Sutherland RL, Hope K, McCarthy NJ, Pettett M, Elton B, Jackson R, Trost SG, Lecathelinais C, Reilly K, Wiggers JH, Hall A, Gillham K, Herrmann V, Wolfenden L. Implementation of a School Physical Activity Policy Improves Student Physical Activity Levels: Outcomes of a Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial. J Phys Act Health. 2020 Sep 12;17(10):1009-1018. doi: 10.1123/jpah.2019-0595. PMID: 32919383. Access Publication here.  Read summary here.



Brown A, Barnes C, Byaruhanga J, McLaughlin M, Hodder RK, Booth D, Nathan N, Sutherland R, Wolfenden L. Effectiveness of Technology-Enabled Knowledge Translation Strategies in Improving the Use of Research in Public Health: Systematic Review. Journal of medical Internet research. 2020;22(7):e17274. Access Publication here.  Read summary here.


Sutherland R, Nathan N, Brown A, Yoong SL, Reynolds R, Walton A, Janssen L, Desmet C, Lecathelinais C,Gillham K, Herrmann V, Wolfenden L. A cross-sectional study to determine the energy density and nutritional quality of primary school lunchboxes. Public Health Nutrition. 2020 Apr;23(6):1108-16. doi:10.1017/S1368980019003379. Access Publication here. Read summary here


Nathan N,  Powell BJ, Shelton RC, Laur CV, Wolfenden L, Hailemariam M, Yoong SL, Sutherland R, Kingsland M, Waltz TJ, Hall A. Do the Expert Recommendations for Implementing Change (ERIC) strategies adequately address sustainment? Frontiers in health Services. 2022. DOI Access publication here.

Shoesmith A, Hall A, Wolfenden L, Shelton RC, Yoong S, Crane M, Lane C, McCarthy N, Lecathelinais C, Nathan N. School-level factors associated with the sustainment of weekly physical activity scheduled in Australian elementary schools: an observational study. BMC Public Health. 2022(1):1-2. Access Publication here. Read the summary here.

Shoesmith, A., Hall, A., Wolfenden L. et al. Barriers and facilitators influencing the sustainment of health behaviour interventions in schools and childcare services: A systematic review. Implementation science (2021) 16:62 Access Publication here.


methods & guidance PAPERS

Blog-Bridging-the-gap-with-implementation-scienceCrane M, Nathan N, McKay H, Lee K, Wiggers J, and Bauman A.  Understanding the sustainment of population health programmes from a whole-of-system approach. Health Research Policy and Systems. 2022 Apr 20.
(37). Access publication here.

Hall A, Shoesmith A, Shelton RC, Lane C, Wolfenden L, Nathan N. Adaptation and Validation of the Program Sustainability Assessment Tool (PSAT) for Use in the Elementary School Setting. International journal of environmental research and public health. 2021 Jan;18(21):11414. Access Publication here. Read summary here.


Pearson N, Naylor PJ, Ashe MC, Fernandez M, Yoong SL, Wolfenden L. Guidance for conducting feasibility and pilot studies for implementation trials. Pilot and feasibility studies. 2020 Dec;6(1):1-2.  Access Publication here.   Read summary here.


Wolfenden Luke, Foy Robbie, Presseau Justin, Grimshaw Jeremy M, Ivers Noah M, Powell Byron J et al. Designing and undertaking randomised implementation trials: guide for researchers BMJ 2021; 372: m3721. Access Publication here.   Read summary here.


Yoong, S.L.; Jones, J.;  Pearson, N.; Swindle, T.; Barnes, C.; Delaney, T.; Lum, M.; Golley, R.; Matwiejczyk, L.; Kelly, B.; et al. An Overview of Research Opportunities to Increase the Impact of Nutrition Intervention Research in Early Childhood and Education Care Settings according to the RE-AIM Framework. Int. J. Environ. Res.  Public Health 2021. Access Publication here.   Read summary here.

Lee K, van Nassau F, Grunseit A, Conte K, Milat A, Wolfenden L, Bauman A. Scaling up population health interventions from decision to sustainability–a window of opportunity? A qualitative view from policy makers. Health research policy and systems. 2020 Dec;18(1):1-2. Access Publication  here.   Read summary here.


Wolfenden L, Williams CM, Kingsland M, Yoong SL, Nathan N, Sutherland R, Wiggers J. Improving the impact of public health service delivery and research: a decision tree to aid evidence-based public health practice and research. Australian and New Zealand journal of public health. 2020 Oct 1;44(5):331-2. Access Publication  here.   Read summary here.


Lee K, Milat A, Grunseit A, Conte K, Wolfenden L, Bauman A. The Intervention Scalability Assessment Tool: a pilot study assessing five interventions for scalability. Public Health Research & Practice. 2020 Jun 30;30(2). Access Publication here.   Read summary here.


Shelton RC, Lee M, Brotzman LE, Wolfenden L, Nathan N, Wainberg ML. What is dissemination and implementation science?: An introduction and opportunities to advance behavioral medicine and public health globally. International Journal of Behavioural Medicine. 2020 Feb 14;27:3-20. doi: 10.1007/s12529-020-09848. Access Publication here. Please note: abstract only available online. Read summary here.



Gogovor A, Zomahoun HTV, Ben Charif A, McLean RKD, Moher D, Milat A, Wolfenden L, Prevost K, Aubin E,Rochon P, Ekanmian G, Sawadogo J, Rheault N, Legare F. Essential items for reporting of scaling studies of health interventions (SUCCEED): protocol for a systematic review and Delphi process. Systematic. Reviews.  11;9(1):11. doi: 10.1186/s13643-019-1258. Access Publication here.   Read summary here.



Milat AJ, Lee K, Conte K, Grunseit A, Wolfenden L, van Nassau F, Orr N, Sreeram P, Bauman A. Intervention Scalability Assessment Tool: a decision support tool for health policy makers and implementers. Health Research Policy and Systems. 2020 Jan 3;18:1. doi: 10.1186/s12961-019-0494-2. Access Publication here.   Read summary here



Wolfenden, L., Hawe, P., Rychetnik, L., Sutherland, R., Barnes, C., Yoong, S., Giles-Corti, B., Mitchell, J., Bauman, A., Milat, A.J., Chai, L.K., Mayfield, S., Mastersson, N., Freebairn, L., Sacks, G., Wilson, A., Wright, A. and Wiggers, J. (2022). A call to action: More collaborative implementation research is needed to prevent chronic disease. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health. Access publication here.